Press Room Survey Reveals Drop in Estate Planning Survey Reveals Drop in Estate Planning By Americans in 2009; Ailing Economy Likely Reason

Only 35% of Americans now report having a will and only 21% have a trust arranged

New York, NY – February 25, 2010 - A new national survey has found that the percentage of Americans possessing estate planning documents such as wills, trusts or power of attorney has dropped considerably to only 51 percent. The survey also suggests that the ailing economy may be the reason for the slide, with three quarters of those surveyed saying the current downturn has made it even more difficult for them to plan for the future, and nearly half saying they are more focused on "the essentials" right now.

The just released Lawyers.comSM Wills & Estate Planning Survey is available at, the leading online legal website for consumers and small business owners. Conducted by Harris Interactive, the survey compared historical data from earlier studies conducted in 2004 and 2007 that tracked demand for estate planning documents, and it includes new, updated findings from 2009 that illustrate the change in Americans' views on the topic over the past two years.

"The survey reveals an interesting trend toward sacrificing long-term planning in lieu of meeting short-term needs, which is understandable during a recession, but is a cause for concern if the unexpected were to take place," said Sharon Lubrano, product champion for Client Development at LexisNexis.

Decline in Estate Planning Documents

The percentage of Americans with estate planning documents across all categories (wills/ living wills, power of attorney, and trusts) has decreased considerably since 2007. In 2004, 55 percent of Americans reported having estate planning documents; that number increased to 64 percent in 2007, and declining to 51 percent in 2009. A breakdown of the specific estate planning documents includes:

  • Will: 42 percent (2004), 45 percent (2007), 35 percent (2009)
  • Power of Attorney (for finances or healthcare): 33 percent (2004), 46 percent (2007), 29 percent (2009)
  • Trust (living trust or other trust agreement): 21 percent (2004), 31 percent (2007), 18 percent (2009)

Economic Downturn As Potential Cause

Survey responses indicate that the drop in estate planning documents is partly due to the economic downturn, which has caused Americans to be more concerned with meeting immediate needs rather than planning for the future.

  • Seven in ten Americans (71 percent) believe that given today’s economy, it is more important to focus on saving money for immediate needs than long-term planning of their estate.
  • Nearly three-quarters of Americans (73 percent) agree that the current economic downturn has made it even more difficult for them to plan for their future.
  • For Americans who do not have any estate planning documents, 44 percent cite a greater focus on the "essentials" (e.g. paying bills, buying groceries, etc.) as the reason, 31 percent cite it's not a top of mind concern right now, 11 percent don't believe it is necessary and 9 percent believe it takes too much time to create one.
  • One in five Americans (20 percent) that do not have estate planning documents report that this is because they believe their spouse and/or children will automatically receive any assets, and 19 percent feel it is too expensive.

"There's a disconnect between public perception of the cost and complexity of creating estate planning documents and the straightforward, affordable choices that are out there for consumers looking to equip themselves with a will and estate plan," said Lubrano. "We encourage consumers to take advantage of the information and resources available at, that can help them complete a living will and gain the peace of mind that comes from knowing their loved ones and their estate will be protected."

Other Survey Findings

In line with previous waves of the study, when asked the single biggest reason Americans have not created any estate planning documents, nearly one in five (17 percent) claim they do not own sufficient assets to warrant an estate plan. Other reasons cited include:

  • They don’t want to think about dying or becoming incapacitated: 8 percent (2004), 10 percent (2007), 9 percent (2009)
  • They believe their estate will be taken care of appropriately if they die or become incapacitated: 8 percent (2004 – 2009)
  • They do not know what an estate plan is: 4 percent (2004), 6 percent (2007), 7 percent (2009)

Those who are responsible for managing a senior member of their family report that the family member has a will in place, but interestingly, other forms of estate planning documents have declined among this audience. A breakdown of the findings for those with specific estate planning documents includes:

  • Will: 67 percent (2007), 65 percent (2009)
  • Power of Attorney (for finances or healthcare): 67 percent (2007), 58 percent (2009)
  • Trust (living trust or other trust agreement): 57 percent (2007), 38 percent (2009)

About the survey

The Wills & Estate Planning survey was conducted by the omnibus field services of Harris Interactive on behalf of in December 2009 among a national sample of 1,022 Americans 18+ (balanced to census).

About Lawyers.comSM (, from LexisNexis® and Martindale-Hubbell®, is the leading legal destination on the Web, providing consumers and small business professionals the information they need to learn about specific legal issues, understand their legal options, and find the right lawyer for their needs. provides a free database of more than one million attorneys and law firms nationwide and helps site visitors make a fast, informed decision when researching legal matters and choosing a lawyer. More than two million searches per month are conducted through by consumers and business people in search of legal information and the right legal representation for their needs.

About LexisNexis

LexisNexis® ( is a leading global provider of content-enabled workflow solutions designed specifically for professionals in the legal, risk management, corporate, government, law enforcement, accounting and academic markets. LexisNexis originally pioneered online information with its Lexis® and Nexis® services. A member of Reed Elsevier [NYSE: ENL; NYSE: RUK] (, LexisNexis serves customers in more than 100 countries with 15,000 employees worldwide.

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